Middle School Curriculum


By the time Washington State students leave middle school, they will understand:

  1. that according to the US Constitution, treaties are “the supreme law of the land”; consequently treaty rights supersede most state laws;
  2. that tribal sovereignty has cultural, political, and economic bases;
  3. that tribes are subject to federal law and taxes, as well as some state regulations;
  4. that tribal sovereignty is ever-evolving and therefore levels of sovereignty and status vary from tribe to tribe; and
  5. that there were and are frequent and continued threats to tribal sovereignty that are mostly addressed through the courts.

Washington State History

1. WA – Territory and Treaty Making

Territory and Treaty Making; Pig War Unit; Point No Point Treaty Unit

2. WA – New Technologies and Industries

Hanford Nuclear Reservations Effects on Indian Country

3. WA – Contemporary Washington State

Indian Land Tenure (Boldt II)


United States History

1. US – Fighting for Independence

Revolution and Constitution in Indian Country

2. US – Slavery, Expansion and Removal

Jackson, Marshal, and Indian Removal

3. US – Civil War and Reconstruction

Indian Treaties: Goals and Effects

4. US – Development and Struggles in the West, Industrialization, Immigration, and Urbanization

Indian Land Tenure Curriculum (Dawes Act)

STI Classroom-Based Assessment Guide

Middle School Washington State History  Middle School United States History

STI Unit

Corresponding CBA

STI Unit

Corresponding CBA

Territory and Treaty Making Causes of ConflictDig Deep Fighting for Independence Causes of Conflict
New Technologies and Industries:  Hanford Humans and the Environment Slavery, Expansion and Removal Checks and Balances
Contemporary Washington State:Boldt II Whose Rules? Civil War and Reconstruction Causes of Conflict
Development and Struggles in the West:  The Dawes Act Constitutional Issues